The Risks of Secondhand Smoke in Casinos November 5, Only 20 states require state-regulated gaming facilities to be percent smoke-free. Secondhand smoke SHS is an occupational hazard for many casino workers- from dealers to security. Job-related exposure to SHS is a significant, but entirely preventable, cause of premature death among U. A study comparing SHS particulate levels in 66 U.
The discussion reviews progress toward smoke-free indoor spaces in the United States during the past three decades, including approaches that have been employed to reduce exposure, in the context of extensive scientific evidence on health effects and control measures. Summary of milestones in establishing clean indoor air policies in the United States Historical Perspective Over the past three decades, substantial progress has been made to control secondhand smoke exposure.
The number of public and workplace policies restricting or not allowing smoking has increased; concomitantly, the prevalence of reported exposure to secondhand smoke in public places and workplaces has progressively declined, and the levels of the biomarker cotinine have fallen among U.
This trend stems from voluntary actions by employers and businesses, declining smoking prevalence, changing patterns of smoking in homes, and increasingly comprehensive and stringent government regulations at the local, state, and national levels U.
These findings have been frequently cited by persons implementing policy changes. This report concluded that an atmosphere contaminated with tobacco smoke could cause discomfort in many persons, and levels of carbon monoxide CO measured in experiments in rooms filled with cigarette smoke could, on occasion, be harmful, particularly for individuals with preexisting diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and coronary heart disease CHD USDHEW Thus, the report raised the possibility that secondhand smoke could be detrimental to the health of some segments of the population.
However, this report did not prompt widespread policy changes. It was the first report to focus exclusively on secondhand smoke and remains a milestone in the history of translating scientific evidence on secondhand smoke into policy initiatives.
The report reached the following three major conclusions: Involuntary smoking is a cause of disease, including lung cancer, in healthy nonsmokers. The children of parents who smoke, compared with the children of nonsmoking parents, have an increased frequency of respiratory infections, increased respiratory symptoms, and slightly smaller rates of increase in lung function as the lung matures.
Simple separation of smokers and nonsmokers within the same air space may reduce, but does not eliminate, exposure of nonsmokers to environmental tobacco smoke p.
The year also saw the publication of a report by the National Research Council NRC b of the National Academy of Sciences on the health effects of secondhand smoke, which also concluded that secondhand smoke exposure is a cause of lung cancer in nonsmokers.
A second milestone in establishing a scientific foundation for efforts to reduce secondhand smoke exposure was the publication of the U. The report concluded that secondhand smoke is a Group A carcinogen i.
Specifically, the report found that secondhand smoke is a human lung carcinogen estimated to be responsible for approximately 3, lung cancer deaths of U. The report also concluded that secondhand smoke exposure is causally associated with a number of health conditions in children, including lower respiratory tract infections, an increased prevalence of fluid in the middle ear, and additional episodes and an increased severity of symptoms in children with asthma.
Although the EPA report had no direct regulatory effect, the report provided additional scientific evidence and authoritative conclusions supporting the need for the adoption of smoking restrictions by governmental bodies and private businesses. It was widely cited by local advocates and policymakers, particularly the conclusion that secondhand smoke is a Group A carcinogen.
The report helped to accelerate the trend to enact local clean indoor air ordinances and, in particular, local ordinances that went beyond restricting smoking to designated areas to eliminating smoking altogether in certain settings. June 22, ], cited in 8. District Court ruling vacated the report with regard to lung cancer based on procedural and scientific concerns Flue-Cured Tobacco Cooperative Stabilization Corp.
However, this court ruling was voided in when the U.
Court of Appeals found that the report was not subject to judicial review, and the legal action was subsequently dismissed Flue-Cured Tobacco Cooperative Stabilization Corp.
This was the first major report to conclude definitively that secondhand smoke exposure is a cause of heart disease in nonsmokers. The report also quantified the health burden that secondhand smoke imposes by providing ranges of estimates for the annual morbidity and mortality among U.
The estimates of deaths attributed to secondhand smoke in this report were widely cited in local policy debates. In addition, the finding that secondhand smoke exposure was a cause of heart disease was particularly significant because the potential impact on heart disease morbidity and mortality rates was greater than the impact as a cause of lung cancer.
This conclusion was also a source of concern among persons already diagnosed with heart disease and persons with a family history of other risk factors for heart disease.
A new, yet large, constituency thus became concerned about the risks from secondhand smoke exposure. The report of the Surgeon General on women and smoking concluded that epidemiologic and other data support a causal relationship between secondhand tobacco smoke exposure from their spouse and CHD mortality among women who were nonsmokers.among casino patrons and problem gamblers.
Data sources Peer reviewed studies published from areas; separating smokers from non-smokers, clean- inside smoking-permitted casinos with (1) this standard, (2) outdoor air or (3) non-smoking. Click inside to download the weekly Health Watch with why kids need to get dirty to stay healthy, a health tip to stay motivated at the gym, new research on girls and obesity and more.
Committee tilts to smoke lounges: Macau legislator May 27, Newsdesk Latest News, Macau, Top of the deck A majority on the Macau Legislative Assembly working committee asked to scrutinise the city’s revised tobacco control bill, currently supports the retention of smoking lounges on casino .
Jun 16, · 54 comments on “Secondhand Smoke and Casino Dealers” Comments listed below are posted by individuals not associated with CDC, unless otherwise stated.
Adult participants (smokers and non-smokers) signed informed consent forms, and non-smoking participants aged 6–17 signed assent forms following parental permission. Parents or legal guardians gave consent for children under age 6 to participate.
Mar 10, · Maybe some people can try to explain this from another perspective or give me an idea why people complain about a casino smelling of smoke.
It’s something that makes no sense to me. Reply. Report inappropriate content. Casinos in Las Vegas Smokers seem to think they have the right of way vs not smokers and I’ve only observed.