Introduction Feminism brings many things to philosophy including not only a variety of particular moral and political claims, but ways of asking and answering questions, critiques of mainstream philosophical views and methods, and new topics of inquiry.
Combining the disciplines of literary theory and psychology… Prologue to a social movement In the aftermath of World War IIthe lives of women in developed countries changed dramatically.
Household technology eased the burdens of homemaking, life expectancies increased dramatically, and the growth of the service sector opened up thousands of jobs not dependent on physical strength. It became a worldwide best seller and raised feminist consciousness by stressing that liberation for women was liberation for men too.
Women who had been told that they had it all—nice houses, lovely children, responsible husbands—were deadened by domesticity, she said, and they were too socially conditioned to recognize their own desperation.
The Feminine Mystique was an immediate best seller. Friedan had struck a chord. By Junethey had concluded that polite requests were insufficient.
The organization was not an instant success. By the end of its second year, NOW had just 1, members and was racked by ideological divisions. Two other measures stirred enormous controversy: Constitution to ensure equality of rights, regardless of sexand the other demanded the liberalization of contraception and abortion.
When some NOW members called for repeal of all abortion laws, other members left the fledgling organization, convinced that this latest action would undermine their struggles against economic and legal discrimination.
Ironically, sexist attitudes had pervaded s radical politics, with some women being exploited or treated unequally within those movements. It had no officers, no mailing address, no printed agenda. What it did have was attitude. The Redstockings also held speak-outs on rape to focus national attention on the problem of violence against women.
NOW leaders were looking for reform; the more radical women were plotting a revolution. With the eventual backing of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commissionwomen gained access to jobs in every corner of the U.
Record numbers of women ran for—and started winning—political office. InCongress passed Title IX of the Higher Education Act, which prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex in any educational program receiving federal funds and thereby forced all-male schools to open their doors to women and athletic programs to sponsor and finance female sports teams.
And inin its controversial ruling on Roe v.
Wadethe United States Supreme Court legalized abortion. But its ratification by the states became a rallying point for the backlash against feminism. Antifeminists such as Phyllis Schlafly organized a crusade against the amendment, warning—correctly or not—that it would, among other things, invalidate state sodomy laws, outlaw single sex bathrooms in public places, legalize same-sex marriageand make taxpayer-funded abortion a constitutional right.
Needing 38 states to ratify within 10 years of its passage by Congress, the amendment fell three states short. Steinem, GloriaGloria Steinem, Congressional debateThe reintroduction of the Equal Rights Amendment in Congress spurred intense debate in The role of women in the armed forces became a point of contention as some hoisted the standard of equality while others protested that mothers should not be sent off to war.
By the s, a movement that was once defined by its radical pitch had taken on new tones—some of them conservative. That divide deepened when, inNorma McCorveythe plaintiff in Roe v.
Wade, declared her opposition to abortion on demand. With a growing number of young children spending their early years in institutional day care, debates erupted over whether women were abdicating their maternal responsibilities and whether federal policies that gave tax breaks to working mothers were encouraging a further deterioration of the family unit.
Feminists were further targeted as the primary culprits behind the many by-products of the sexual revolution, from the increased rate of teen pregnancy to the spread of AIDS.Obviously, the one main issue facing modern feminism is men, and, though we don’t want to kill all or even any of them (nor start a hashtag implying that we might), there’s no point hiding behind words like "sexism" or "patriarchy" when considering who’s really in charge today, and who has the power to prevent us from climbing up there on the phallic plinth beside them.
Home CCSU Theses & Dissertations Islamic Feminism vs.
Western Feminism: Analyzing a Conceptual Conflict Reference URL Share. Add tags Comment Rate. Save to favorites. To link to this object, paste this link in email, IM or document To embed this object, paste this HTML in website. Islamic Feminism vs.
Western Feminism: Analyzing a Conceptual. Nov 20, · Women’s movement, diverse social movement, largely based in the United States, seeking equal rights and opportunities for women in their economic activities, their personal lives, and politics. It is recognized as the “second wave” of the larger feminist movement.
Unlike the former movements, the term ‘feminist’ becomes less critically received by the female population due to the varying feminist outlooks.
There are the ego-cultural feminists, the radicals, the liberal/reforms, the electoral, academic, ecofeminists the list goes on.
Entries covered under the rubric "Feminism, topics" concern philosophical issues that arise as feminists articulate accounts of sexism, critique sexist social and cultural practices, and develop alternative visions of a just world.
In short, they are philosophical topics that arise within feminism. Feminism research papers overview women's rights and the feminist movement. The word “feminism” has the power to unite women in common causes, strike fear in men and some women who don’t understand it’s meaning, and rally those together who blame the feminist movement .